Step by Step Guide: Local SEO Strategies in 2023

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An effective online presence is crucial for businesses to thrive. With the constant evolution of search engine algorithms and the increasing competitiveness of the online landscape, businesses face a unique set of challenges when it comes to attracting customers in their specific geographical areas. This is where Local SEO (Search Engine Optimisation) strategies come into play, providing an opportunity for businesses to optimise their visibility in local search results.

By tailoring your digital efforts to cater specifically to your target audience within a specific location, you can capture the attention of potential customers when they are searching for products or services nearby.

However, the landscape of local SEO is constantly evolving, and what worked in the past may not yield the same results today. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the essential steps and winning strategies to help your business achieve greater visibility in local search results, outrank your competitors, and ultimately drive more foot traffic and conversions.

From optimising your website for local search intent to leveraging the power of online directories and reviews, we will delve into the actionable tactics and techniques that have proven to be effective winning local SEO strategies in 2023.

What is Local SEO?

Starting with the basics, local SEO refers to the process of optimising a business’s online presence to attract more customers from a specific geographic location. It focuses on improving a business’s visibility in local search engine results, such as Google Search and Google Maps. The goal of local SEO is to ensure that when users search for products or services in a particular area, your business appears prominently in the search results, driving local organic traffic and increasing conversions.

One of the key factors that makes local SEO different from traditional SEO is the emphasis on location-based targeting. Local search queries often include specific geographical terms, such as city names or phrases such as “near me.” Therefore, optimising to align with local search intent becomes crucial.

For example, imagine you own a bakery in London. When someone in the area searches for “best bakery in London,” local SEO ensures that your bakery’s website, business information, and customer reviews are highly visible in the search results. By effectively implementing local SEO strategies, you can establish your bakery as a go-to option for customers looking for bakeries in London, ultimately driving foot traffic to your physical location.

The significance of local SEO has grown rapidly in recent years, largely driven by the technological advancements in smartphones and the changing consumer behaviour patterns. According to Google, nearly one-third of all mobile searches are location-related. This means that a significant number of consumers are actively searching for local businesses while they are on the move, making it essential for businesses to prioritise their local SEO efforts.

Google Business Profile Optimisation

When it comes to local SEO, optimising your Google Business Profile is essential. Google Business is a free tool provided by Google that allows businesses to manage their online presence across various Google platforms, including Search and Maps. It serves as a central hub for important business information and acts as a virtual storefront for potential customers.

To effectively optimise your Google Business Profile, these are the steps you need to take:

Claim and Verify Your Listing – Start by claiming your business if you haven’t already done so. This involves creating an account, providing accurate and up-to-date information about your business, and going through the verification process.

Complete Your Business Profile – Ensure that every section of your Google Business profile is filled out in detail. Include essential details such as your business name, address, phone number, website URL, business category, and hours of operation. Provide a concise and compelling business description that highlights your unique selling points.

Optimise Business Attributes – Take advantage of the attributes section in your profile. These attributes allow you to highlight specific features or important information such as wheelchair accessibility, Wi-Fi availability, or outdoor seating.

Accurate Business Information – Consistency is key when it comes to local SEO. Ensure that your business information is accurate and consistent across all online platforms including your website, social media profiles, and online directories.

Encourage Customer Reviews – Online reviews play a significant role in local SEO and consumer decision-making. Encourage your customers to leave reviews on your Google Business Profile. Respond to reviews promptly and professionally, both positive and negative. Engaging with customer feedback shows that you value their opinions and can improve your reputation, this is especially important if you are left a negative review.

Add High-Quality Photos – Visual content is powerful for attracting potential customers. Upload high-quality photos that showcase your business, products, services, and team. Include images of your storefront, interior, menu items, or completed projects. Visuals can help users gain a better sense of what to expect when visiting your business.

By optimising your Google Business Profile, you increase your chances of appearing in the coveted Local Pack, which showcases three local businesses in a specific search result. A well-optimised profile enhances your online visibility, builds trust with potential customers, and improves your overall local SEO performance.

Local Keyword Research

Keyword research is a fundamental step in any SEO strategy, however, it’s slightly different for local SEO. Local keyword research involves identifying and targeting specific keywords and phrases that are relevant to your business. By incorporating these keywords into your website’s content, you can increase your chances of ranking higher in local search results.

Here are some steps to conduct effective local keyword research:

Understand Your Target Audience – Start by understanding your target audience and their search behaviour. Consider factors such as demographics, preferences, and common pain points. This will help you tailor your keyword research to match the specific needs and interests of your local customer base.

Localised Keyword Research – Use keyword research tools to create an effective keyword list and discover additional relevant keywords. Tools such as Google SEMrush and Ahrefs can provide valuable insights into search volume, competition, and related keywords. Look for keywords with a good search volume and low to moderate competition.

Competitor Research – Conducting competitor research can offer valuable keyword insights and gain a better understanding of the competition. Identify competitors in your industry or local area and analyse their website content, meta tags, headings, and page titles. Look for keywords they are targeting and consider incorporating similar ones into your own strategy if relevant.

Long-Tail Keywords and Local Modifiers – Long-tail keywords are longer, more specific phrases that have lower search volume but can sometime have a higher conversion rate. These keywords can be valuable for local SEO. Consider incorporating local modifiers into your long-tail keywords. For example, instead of targeting a broad keyword such as “electrician”, focus on a more specific long-tail keyword like “emergency electrician in London”.

Analyse Search Intent – Understanding the intent behind local search queries is crucial. Are people searching for information, products, or services? Adjust your keyword strategy accordingly. For example, if users are searching for “best ice cream in Rome,” they are likely looking for ice cream shops in the specific area to visit.

Refine and Prioritise – Review and refine your list of keywords based on relevance, search volume, and competition. Prioritise keywords that have a good balance between search volume and achievable rankings. Consider the intent behind each keyword and how it aligns with your business goals.

Remember, local keyword research is an ongoing process. Continuously monitor keyword performance, adapt to changes in search trends, and refine your strategy accordingly. By incorporating well-researched local keywords into your website content, meta tags, headings, and other on-page elements, you can enhance your visibility in local search results and attract more targeted traffic to your business.

Local Content Creation

Local content creation involves developing engaging and informative content aimed specifically at your target audience within a geographic location. By focusing on local topics and addressing the needs and interests of your local customers, you can establish your business as a valuable resource and improve your local search visibility.

Understand Local Customer Needs – Gain a deep understanding of your local customers and their unique needs. Conduct research, analyse customer feedback, and engage with your audience on social media platforms. This will help you identify the topics, questions, and concerns that are most relevant to your local target market.

Location-Specific Landing Pages – If your business operates in multiple locations, consider creating location-specific landing pages on your website. Each landing page should focus on optimising content for a particular location, including relevant keywords, testimonials from local customers, and information specific to that area.

Local Guides and Tips – Create helpful guides and tips related to your industry, but with a local focus. For example, if you are a tour company you could create content such as “The Ultimate List of Top Things to Do in Iceland”. This type of content showcases your local expertise.

User-Generated Content – Encourage your local customers to generate content related to your business. This can include reviews, testimonials, social media posts, or photos of their experiences. User-generated content adds authenticity to your brand and encourages engagement from other potential customers.

On-Page Optimisation

On-page optimisation involves making strategic adjustments to various elements of your website to improve its visibility in search engine results and provide a seamless user experience.

Title Tags & Meta Descriptions – Create unique, descriptive, and keyword focused title tags and meta descriptions for each page of your website. Include localised keywords where relevant and ensure they accurately represent the content on the page. These elements appear in search results and can significantly impact click-through rates and organic rankings.

URL Structure – Use clean, concise, and descriptive URLs that incorporate relevant keywords and indicate the page’s content. Avoid using long or complex URLs that are difficult for users or search engines to understand. Additionally, include location-specific terms if relevant.

Content Optimisation – Create high-quality, relevant, and informative content that aligns with local search intent. Incorporate local keywords naturally within your content while maintaining readability and coherence. Provide valuable information, answer frequently asked questions, and address local concerns to establish your expertise and relevance in the local market.

Local Schema Markup – Implement local schema markup on your website to provide search engines with structured data about your business such as name, address, phone number, business hours, customer reviews, and other relevant details. This markup helps search engines understand and display accurate information in the search results, enhancing your local visibility.

Mobile-Friendliness – In 2023, having a mobile-friendly website is essential. Optimise your website to ensure it is responsive, loads quickly, and provides a seamless user experience across various devices and screen sizes. Google switched to mobile-first indexing a couple of years ago, so it’s a crucial factor.

Localised Internal Linking – Incorporate internal links within your website to create a user-friendly navigation structure. Use anchor text that includes relevant keywords and location-specific terms where appropriate. Internal linking helps search engines discover and index your pages while guiding users to relevant content.

Image Optimisation – Optimise images by compressing file sizes without sacrificing quality. WebP is recommended as it’s a modern image format that provides superior lossless and lossy compression for images on the web. Use descriptive file names and include alt text which is important for accessibility. It also helps search engines understand the content of your images and improves your chances of appearing in image search results.

User Experience and Page Speed – Ensure a positive user experience by optimising page loading times and minimising any technical issues. A fast-loading website enhances user satisfaction and reduces bounce rates, positively impacting your local SEO efforts. Regularly monitor and optimise your website’s performance, fixing any issues as you come across them.

Local Schema Markup

What is Schema Markup?

Local schema markup, also known as structured data, involves adding structured data markup to your website to provide search engines with detailed information about your business. This markup helps search engines understand and present relevant information about your business in search results, local packs, and knowledge panels. By implementing local schema markup, you can enhance your local SEO efforts and improve the visibility of your business to potential customers.

Local Business Schema – Local business schema markup is specifically designed for businesses with physical locations. It allows you to provide search engines with essential information such as your business name, address, phone number, and opening hours. This information can be displayed in local search results, knowledge panels, or Google Maps.

NAP Consistency – NAP Consistency refers to the accuracy of a location-based business’s details such as name, address, and phone number across the web. You should ensure that business information provided in your schema markup matches the information displayed on your website, Google Business profile, and other online directories. Consistent NAP information helps search engines trust the accuracy of your business details.

Reviews and Ratings – Schema markup also allows you to include customer reviews and ratings in the search results. Search engines can product ratings and review snippets, making your business stand out and potentially improving click-through rates.

Location-Specific Markup – If your business operates in multiple locations, you can create location-specific schema markup for each individual location. This enables search engines to associate each location with its unique information, such as address, phone number, and opening hours.

Testing and Monitoring – After implementing schema markup, it is essential to test and validate the markup using tools such as Google’s Rich Results Test and Schema Makeup Validator. These tools can check that your schema markup has been correctly implemented and validate the data that search engines can extract from your website. Regularly monitor your schema markup and make any necessary updates as your business information changes.

By incorporating local schema markup, you’re providing search engines with structured data that improves their understanding of your business. This, in turn, enhances your chances of appearing prominently in local search results, local packs, and knowledge panels. Local schema markup helps potential customers find accurate and relevant information about your business, driving targeted organic traffic and increasing your local SEO visibility.

Local Link Building

Local link building involves acquiring backlinks from reputable local sources, such as local businesses, organisations, directories, and publications. These local links signal to search engines that your website is relevant and trusted within the local community, ultimately boosting your local SEO efforts.

Here are some effective strategies for local link building:

Local Business Directories – Submit your business information to popular local directories that are relevant for your industry and area. Ensure that your business details are consistent across all directories. Some of these directories allow you to include a link back to your website, providing a valuable local link.

Local Partnerships and Sponsorships – Establish partnerships with other local businesses or organisations that complement your industry. You can collaborate on events, sponsor local charities or events, and participate in community initiatives. These partnerships can lead to opportunities for reciprocal link exchanges or mentions on their websites, generating valuable local backlinks.

Local Citations – Build citations on local websites and online directories that reference your business name, website, address, and phone number. These citations contribute to your website’s local authority and help with local SEO. Look for reputable local websites, news outlets, and blogs that accept business submissions or allow guest posts.

Local Content Collaboration – Collaborate with local influencers, bloggers, or content creators to create high-quality content. This could involve guest blogging on platforms, featuring their content on your website, or working with them on social media campaigns.

Local Outreach and PR – Contact local media publications, journalists, and bloggers to pitch newsworthy stories or press releases related to your business.

Monitor Competitor Backlinks – Analyse the backlink profiles of your local competitors to identify potential link building opportunities. Look for local websites, blogs, or directories that have linked to your competitors but not to your website. Reach out to these sources, showcasing how your business can provide value, and request a link to your website.

Remember, local link building should focus on quality over quantity. Aim for relevant, authoritative local links rather than acquiring numerous low-quality links. Maintain a natural link profile and avoid engaging in link-building tactics that can harm your website’s SEO.

NAP Consistency

We have already briefly mentioned this, but NAP consistency refers to maintaining uniformity and accuracy in the way your business details such as name, address, and phone number are displayed across various online platforms, directories, and websites. Ensuring NAP consistency is a critical factor in local SEO because search engines rely on this information to determine the credibility and relevance of your business for local search queries.

Here’s why NAP consistency matters and how to achieve it:

Search Engine Trust and Accuracy – Search engines such as Google use NAP information to verify and validate your business’s existence and location. Inconsistent NAP details across different sources can confuse search engines, leading to inaccurate or conflicting information being displayed to users. Maintaining NAP consistency helps search engines trust the accuracy of your business information, improving the likelihood of your website appearing in local search results.

User Experience and Trust – Consistent NAP information instils confidence in potential customers, ensuring they can easily find and contact your business. When users encounter consistent information across directories, websites, and social media platforms, they are more likely to perceive your business as being trustworthy and reliable. Inconsistent NAP details, on the other hand, can confuse users, resulting in lost opportunities and decreased trust in your brand.

Local Directory Listings – Many local directories, review websites, and online platforms rely on NAP data to populate their listings. Consistent NAP information across these directories improves the accuracy and visibility of your business in local search results. It also helps search engines understand the association between your business and its location, enhancing your local SEO efforts.

In order to achieve NAP consistency, follow these best practices:

Audit Your Current Listings – Begin by conducting a thorough audit of your existing online listings and directories, you can identify any discrepancies or variations in your business details. Make a list of all the platforms where your business is listed so you can update these easily in the future if needed.

Update Your Website & Social Media – Ensure that your business information on your website’s contact page and other areas such as the footer is accurate and matches the information used elsewhere. Use the same format, spacing, and punctuation consistently across all platforms.

Google Business Profile – Claim and optimise your Google Business profile if you don’t already have one. Ensure that you fill in your business details accurately and regular update your profile if there are any changes.

Local Directories and Citations – Update your business information on popular local directories, industry-specific platforms, and review websites.

Monitor and Maintain Consistency – Regularly monitor your online listings and directories to ensure that your NAP information remains consistent over time. Keep track of any changes or updates made to your business details and promptly update them across all platforms.

By achieving NAP consistency, you enhance your local SEO efforts by providing search engines and users with accurate, reliable information about your business. Consistent NAP details build trust, improve local search visibility, and help potential customers find and connect with your business more easily.

Mobile Optimisation

As mentioned previously, mobile optimisation is no longer an option but a necessity, especially when it comes to local SEO. With the majority of internet users accessing the web through mobile devices, ensuring your website is optimised for mobile is essential.

Here’s why mobile optimisation is important and some key strategies to implement:

Mobile User Behaviour – People often use their smartphones and tablets to search for local businesses, find directions, and make purchasing decisions on the go. If your website is not mobile-friendly, you are likely going to lose opportunities and have a diminished local SEO performance.

Google’s Mobile-First Indexing – Google has transitioned to a mobile-first indexing approach, which means that the mobile version of your website is prioritised by search engines when determining rankings. If your website is not optimised for mobile, it may not rank well in search results, impacting your local SEO visibility.

Responsive Design– Create a responsive website which ensures that your website adapts and adjusts seamlessly to different screen sizes and devices. A responsive website eliminates the need for separate desktop and mobile versions, providing a consistent user experience across all devices.

Mobile Page Speed – Mobile users expect fast-loading websites, and page speed is a crucial factor in mobile optimisation. Optimise your website’s performance by compressing images, minifying code, and leveraging caching techniques. Regularly monitor and test your website’s speed using tools such as Google’s PageSpeed Insights to identify and address any performance issues.

Simplified Navigation – Mobile screens are smaller so it’s essential to have a simple and intuitive navigation structure. Use a clear and easy-to-use mobile menu that allows visitors to easily access important pages and information effortlessly. Avoid cluttered layouts, excessive pop-ups, and large blocks of text that can frustrate mobile users.

Mobile-Friendly Content – Adapt your content to suit mobile devices by using shorter paragraphs, concise headings, bullet points, and easily scannable formats. Ensure that fonts are legible, buttons are large enough for touch interaction, and images are optimised for mobile viewing.

Local Maps Integration – Incorporate interactive maps and location services into your mobile website. Embed Google Maps to allow users to find your business easily and get directions with a single tap. Integrating maps enhances the local experience and facilitates navigation for mobile users.

By prioritising mobile optimisation, you enhance user experience, increase engagement, and boost your local SEO performance. A mobile-friendly website ensures that potential customers can easily find, navigate, and interact with your business on their preferred devices. With the increasing reliance on mobile devices, mobile optimisation has become a fundamental aspect of successful local SEO strategies.

Customer Reviews & Reputation Management

Customer reviews can significantly impact the success of your business. Positive reviews not only attract potential customers but also contribute to your local SEO efforts by building credibility and enhancing visibility. Implementing effective reputation management strategies is essential for leveraging customer reviews to your advantage.

Here’s why customer reviews are important and how to manage your online reputation effectively:

Importance of Customer Reviews – Customer reviews serve as social proof, influencing the purchasing decisions of potential customers. Positive reviews build trust, credibility, and a positive perception of your business. They also provide valuable feedback and insights that can help you identify areas for improvement and enhance your products or services.

Local Search Rankings – Search engines such as Google display review ratings alongside business listings, making positive reviews more visible and attracting more clicks.

Responding to Reviews – Responding to customer reviews, both positive and negative, demonstrates your engagement and commitment to customer satisfaction. Respond promptly and professionally, thanking customers for positive reviews and addressing any concerns or issues raised in negative reviews. Show empathy, offer solutions, and take the conversation offline if necessary, by providing an email address so they can easily contact you. Responding to reviews not only improves customer satisfaction but also shows potential customers that you value feedback and take it seriously.

Managing Negative Reviews – Negative reviews are inevitable, but how you handle them can make a significant difference. Instead of ignoring or deleting negative reviews, use them as an opportunity to showcase your commitment to resolving issues and providing excellent customer service. Respond in a calm and empathetic manner, address the specific concerns raised, and offer a resolution. This demonstrates your willingness to take responsibility and put things right, which can mitigate the impact of negative reviews.

Online Review Monitoring – Regularly monitor online review platforms, social media channels, and other online sources for customer feedback. Set up alerts or use online reputation management tools to stay informed about new reviews or mentions of your business. Timely monitoring allows you to respond promptly, address customer concerns, and maintain a positive online reputation.

Encouraging Positive Reviews – Proactively encourage satisfied customers to leave positive reviews by offering incentives, such as discounts, exclusive offers, or loyalty programs. However, ensure compliance with the guidelines of review platforms to maintain transparency and authenticity.

Testimonials and Review Showcase – Highlight positive customer reviews and testimonials on your website, social media platforms, and other marketing materials. Showcase the positive experiences of your customers to build trust and credibility.

By actively managing customer reviews and maintaining a positive online reputation, you can strengthen your local SEO efforts, attract more customers, and make your business stand out from competitors. Engaging with customers through reviews demonstrates your commitment to excellence and fosters a positive brand image. Remember to consistently monitor and respond to reviews, encourage positive feedback, and leverage the power of customer reviews to drive business success.


By implementing the winning local SEO strategies outlined in this guide, you can elevate your online presence, attract targeted customers, and outperform your competitors.

Remember, local SEO is an ongoing process. Stay vigilant in monitoring industry trends, algorithm updates, and customer behaviour to continually refine and adapt your local SEO strategies. Embrace the power of your Google Business profile, local keyword research, content creation, on-page optimisation, schema markup, local link building, NAP consistency, mobile optimisation, and customer review management.

By consistently optimising your online presence for local search visibility, you can connect with your local audience, enhance your brand reputation, and drive more traffic to your business. Local SEO empowers you to stand out in the local market and position your business for long-term success.

At GA Agency, we are international digital marketing experts dedicated to the growth of businesses around the global. Whether your business is focusing on one specific area, or expanding to multiple cities or countries, our team of local SEO specialists can support the growth of your company. Contact us for a free consultation to find out how we can help expedite your growth.

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